Paranormal Investigation and Research Organization

"Truth through Science"

Resources/Evidence

We will continually post information on different topics, such as techniques, tutorials, etc. Just be reminded that, although we use several different sources on each article, you should do more research on each each topic. Researching these topics and many others will give you a better understanding of the field of paranormal.

We may also post any interesting finds PIRO comes across from our investigations.

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Banshees

Posted by PIRO on October 20, 2014 at 2:35 PM Comments comments (0)

 Throughout history and across cultures there are stories and myths of beings that forewarn of human death. One myth, popular in Gaelic cultures, is the Banshee. Banshee means ‘Fairy woman’ or ‘woman of the Fairy mound’. Many legends exist surrounding the Banshees and just how evil is she meant to be.

One particular legends explains she is the ghost of a young woman who was brutally killed and died so horribly that her spirit is left to wander the world watching her family and loved ones warning them when a violent death is imminent. The banshee appears as an old woman in rags with dirty grey hair, long fingernails and sharp pointed rotten teeth. Her eyes are blood red and filled with so much hatred and sorrow that to look into them will cause instant death. The Banshees emits a long and painful scream to torture the souls of the living whenever she is near.

Another story tells that the Banshee is actually kind in nature. She will attach herself to families (usually Irish with last names start with “O’” or “Mc” such as O’Connor or McGee) and she does indeed foretell a death in the family.

However, the Banshee does not ‘bring’ death in this case, but warns that death is near and this gives the family a chance to prepare and it is not necessarily a violent death it may be of a family member that is dying of old age. She is there as an escort to ensure that the loved one passes safely to the other side.

The banshee is known to appear in several different ways as well:

• An old woman dressed in black with long grey hair and covering her face with a veil.
• An old woman with long white hair, red eyes and dressed in a green dress.
• A deathly pale woman with long red hair dressed in a white dress sometimes a shroud.
• A beautiful woman wearing a shroud.
• A beautiful woman with silver-white hair wearing a long shimmering silver dress.
• A headless woman naked from the waist up and carrying a bowl of blood.

Of course no-one wishes a visit from a Banshee no matter how alluring she is but she does serve a purpose to the family by letting them know that they should start making preparations for a funeral.

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Cryptozoology

Posted by PIRO on April 22, 2014 at 9:00 PM Comments comments (0)

Cryptozoology (a fun word to write) is a pseudoscience involving the search for animals whose existence has not been proven. This includes looking for living examples of animals that are considered extinct, such as non-avian dinosaurs; animals whose existence lacks physical evidence but which appear in myths, legends, or are reported; and wild animals dramatically outside their normal geographic ranges. Animals that are studied by cryptozoologists are often called cryptids. Although cryptozoology is not recognized as a branch of zoology or science, many people study the world looking for signs of many famous (or non-famous) cryptids.


Notable examples of cryptids include the bigfoot, yeti, lochness monster, and the jersey devil to name a few.


Bigfoot



Also known as Sasquatch, Bigfoot is an ape/human-like creature that is theorized to inhabit forests, particularly in the Northwest region of North America. Many people consider the legend of Bigfoot to be purely folklore, but others search many forests and have claimed to have caught some form of evidence of Bigfoot. Some scientists have theorized that the Bigfoot could potentionally be a member of a species which is a single link in the chain of evolution between apes and humans. They also add that although unlikely, it is possible for a member of this unknown species to remain undetected in some of the unpopulated dense forests of the Northwest. There are many groups out there searching for the Bigfoot, including the the Bigfoot Field Researches Organization (BFRO)


Loch Ness Monster


The Loch Ness Monster is a cryptid, a creature whose existence has been suggested but is not discovered or documented by the scientific community.It is reputedly a large unknown animal that inhabits Loch Ness in the Scottish Highlands. It is similar to other supposed lake monsters in Scotland and elsewhere, though its description varies from one account to the next. Popular interest and belief in the animal's existence has varied since it was first brought to the world's attention in 1933. Evidence of its existence is anecdotal, with minimal and much-disputed photographic material and sonar readings.


 

The most common speculation among believers is that the creature represents a line of long-surviving plesiosaurs. The scientific community regards the Loch Ness Monster as a modern-day myth, and explains sightings as including misidentifications of more mundane objects, outright hoaxes, and wishful thinking. Despite this, it remains one of the most famous examples of cryptozoology. The legendary monster has been affectionately referred to by the nickname Nessie since the 1940s.


Nessie has his/her own website with a lot more information about the lake, possible sightings, and more. Visit: http://www.nessie.co.uk/


The Jersey Devil




 

Legend has it that in 1735, a Pines resident known as Mother Leeds found herself pregnant for the thirteenth time. Mother Leeds was not living a wealthy lifestyle by any means. Her husband was a drunkard who made few efforts to provide for his wife and twelve children. Reaching the point of absolute exasperation upon learning of her thirteenth child, she raised her hands to the heavens and proclaimed “Let this one be a devil!”


 

Mother Leeds went into labor a few months later, on a tumultuously stormy night, no longer mindful of the curse she had utter previously regarding her unborn child. Her children and husband huddled together in one room of their Leeds Point home while local midwives gathered to deliver the baby in another. By all accounts the birth went routinely, and the thirteenth Leeds child was a seemingly normal baby boy.


 

Within minutes however, Mother Leeds’s unholy wish of months before began to come to fruition. The baby started to change, and metamorphosed right before her very eyes. Within moments it transformed from a beautiful newborn baby into a hideous creature unlike anything the world had ever seen. The wailing infant began growing at an incredible rate. It sprouted horns from the top of its head and talon-like claws tore through the tips of its fingers. Leathery bat-like wings unfurled from its back, and hair and feathers sprouted all over the child’s body. Its eyes began glowing bright red as they grew larger in the monster’s gnarled and snarling face. The creature savagely attacked its own mother, killing her, then turned its attention to the rest of the horrified onlookers who witnessed its tempestuous transformation. It flew at them, clawing and biting, voicing unearthly shrieks the entire time. It tore the midwives limb from limb, maiming some and killing others.


Ever since the mid-1700s, many people have reported seeing the Jersey Devil. It appears as a hybrid animal with hoof-like feet, wings, a deer's head, and horns. Many follow the story and search many of the forests of southern New Jersey, looking for the Jersey Devil.


Doppelgängers

Posted by PIRO on March 23, 2014 at 11:40 PM Comments comments (0)

Doppelgängers... just what exactly are they? 


A doppelgänger is a paranormal double of a living person. It also describes the sensation of having glimpsed oneself in one's own peripheral vision with no chance of the supposed phenomenon having been a reflection.


A doppelgänger is often perceived as a sinister form of bilocation (being in two places at the same time) and is regarded by some to be an omen of bad luck or misfortune. In some traditions, a doppelgänger seen by a person's relative or friend portends illness or danger while seeing one's own doppelgänger is said to be an omen of death.


In contemporary vernacular, the word doppelgänger is often used in a more general sense to identify any person that physically ‒ or perhaps even behaviorally ‒ resembles another person without regard to the word's original paranormal meaning, thus shifting it back to the original German meaning of look-a-likes.


An internet search on google on doppelgänger will show you many look-a-likes out there, but most are not truely doppelgängers. With the right combination of haircut and hair color, facial hair, and other facial accesories, two people could look fairly similar.


Scientific Recreation of the Doppelgänger Effect


In September 2006, it was reported in the scientific journal, Nature, that an effect was reproduced repeatedly that was very similar to the doppelgänger phenomenon. The effect was produced via the electromagnetic stimulation of one patient's brain.


Focal electrical stimulation was applied to the patient's left temporoparietal junction while she lay flat on a bed. The patient immediately felt the presence of another person in her "extrapersonal space." Other than epilepsy, for which the patient was being treated, she was psychologically fit.


The "other person" was described by the patient as young, of indeterminate sex, silent, motionless, and with a body posture identical to her own. The other person was located exactly behind her, almost touching and therefore within the bed on which the patient was lying.


A second electrical stimulation was applied with slightly more intensity, while the patient was sitting up with her arms folded. This time the patient felt the presence of a "man" who had his arms wrapped around her. She described the sensation as highly unpleasant and electrical stimulation was stopped.


Recorded Personal Experience

Posted by PIRO on March 23, 2014 at 11:10 PM Comments comments (0)

Although this is another noise file, we were able to catch something we heard during an investigation on recording. One of our investigators was sitting alone in a jail cell with the rest of her team outside. She felt three distinct vibrations on the bench she was sitting on. Nobody was moving at the time. The investigators attempted recreating the noise, but it appears much louder on the recording. You can hear the knocks at 0:14, 0:39, and 1:17.


There are also the slapping sounds at 0:35 in the recording that we are unsure of, but the other members of the team were moving around, so it is a possibility the noise could have been made by the team.

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This is the attempt to recreate the tapping.


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Footsteps Recording

Posted by PIRO on March 23, 2014 at 11:05 PM Comments comments (0)

During our investigation of the Sterling Opera House, we were conducting a group EVP session on the stage. Several team members heard footsteps during the session. All of our investigators were seated, so we do not know the origin. We were able to pick the footsteps on the recording. Unfortunately we caught no voices during this EVP session.


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Vampires

Posted by PIRO on February 24, 2014 at 11:25 PM Comments comments (0)

The vampires most people are familiar with (such as Dracula) are revenants — human corpses that are said to return from the grave to harm the living; these vampires have Slavic origins only a few hundred years old. But other, older, versions of the vampire were not thought to be human at all but instead supernatural, possibly demonic, entities that did not take human form.


The orgin of "Dracula" bing a vampire is purely a Western characterization. In Romanian legend, Dracula is not actually a blood-sucking human. According to the actual Romanian tale, Dracula is actually Prince Vlad Tepes. He is also known as Vlad Dracula, which means "son of the dragon", a name that comes from his father's membership in the Order of the Dragon, knights who upheld Christianity and defended the empire from the Ottoman Turks.


Origins of the Vampire


There are clear foundations for the vampire in the ancient world, and it is impossible to prove when the myth first arose. There are suggestions that the vampire was born out of sorcery in ancient Egypt, a demon summoned into this world from some other. There are many variations of vampires from around the world. There are Asian vampires, such as the Chinese jianshi, evil spirits that attack people and drain their life energy.


The belief in vampires stems from superstition and mistaken assumptions about post-mortem decay. The first recorded accounts of vampires follow a consistent pattern: Some unexplained misfortune would befall a person, family, or town — perhaps a drought dried up crops, or an infectious disease struck. Before science could explain weather patterns and germ theory, any bad event for which there was not an obvious cause might be blamed on a vampire. Vampires were one easy answer to the age-old question of why bad things happen to good people.


 Villagers combined their belief that something had cursed them with fear of the dead, and concluded that perhaps the recently deceased might be responsible, having come back from the graves with evil intent. Graves were unearthed, and surprised villagers often mistook ordinary decomposition processes for supernatural phenomenon. For example, though laypeople might assume that a body would decompose immediately, if the coffin is well sealed and buried in winter, putrefaction might be delayed by weeks or months; intestinal decomposition creates bloating which can force blood up into the mouth, making it look like a dead body has recently sucked blood. These processes are well understood by modern doctors and morticians, but in medieval Europe were taken as unmistakable signs that vampires were real and existed among them.


Vampire Protection

In some traditions the best way to stop a vampire is to carry a small bag of salt with you. If you are being chased, you need only to spill the salt on the ground behind you, at which point the vampire is obligated to stop and count each and every grain before continuing the pursuit. If you don't have salt handy, some say that any small granules will do, including birdseed or sand. Others say that there's an unwritten rule of vampire etiquette that they cannot enter a home unless formally invited in.


 Centuries ago, it was not uncommon for suspected vampires to be staked in their graves. The idea was to physically pin the vampire to the earth, and the chest was chosen because it's the trunk of the body, not because of any particular symbolic connection to the heart. Other traditional methods of preventing vampires included burying (or re-burying) the bodies face-down and decapitation, which often included stuffing the severed head's mouth with garlic or bricks.


Real Cases


Many of stories of vampires are just that. However, there are some real blood-suckers out there. Although not human or able to be warded off with garlic, many animals survive by feasting on the blood of humans or other animals. Vampire Bats, Leeches, Mosquitoes, and many more animals draw blood from their prey to survive. It has also become a craze among many teenagers. Not just Halloween, but there are several Gothic clubs and social groups where one can dress as a vampire, wear fang implants, and drink "blood". It is nearly impossible for a regular human to survive off blood. Drinking another person's blood can cause many health issues, which is another matter entirely.

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Zombies

Posted by PIRO on February 24, 2014 at 11:00 PM Comments comments (0)

Zombies are ecoming one of the most populr topics in many forms of media. There are hundreds of video games on consoles and PCs with the theme of zombies. The majority of them being a first-person shooter survival scenario with wave after wave of zombie. It is also been a popular theme of movies and TV shows since 1932 with the first full length film, White Zombie. The TV Series, The Walking Dead, is also very popular averaging 5 million viewers in the first season, and 16 million in it's current (fourth) season.


The term zombie actually dates back to the 8th century. The word ‘zombie’ is said to have come from nzambi, which in Kongo means ‘spirit of a dead person’, or zonbi, used in the Louisiana Creole or the Haitian Creole that represents a person who died and was then brought to life without speech or free will.


Although Zombies are almost always a work of fiction, there is a lot of folklore and reportings of zombies throughout history.


Voodoo folklore says that Bokors, Voodoo priests that were concerned with the study and application of black magic, posessed the ability to ressurrect the deceased through the administration of coup padre–coup padre is a powder that is issued orally, the primary ingredient of which is tetrodoxin, the deadly substance of the “porcupine fish.” According to lengend, “a zombi is someone who has annoyed his or her family and community to the degree that they can no longer stand to live with this person. They respond by hiring a Bokor..to turn them into a zombi” 

 

Once they had been issued the coup padre, the subjects being prepared for their descent into zombidom would appear to die as their heart rate would slow to a near stop, their breathing patterns would be greatly subdued and their body temperature would significantly decrease. The public, thinking that the person was dead, would bury him/ her as if they were a corpse. They would then be exhumed, still alive, by the Bokor and, although their physicality remained intact, their memory would be erased and they would be transformed into mindless drones. “Though still living, they remain under the Bokor’s power until the Bokor dies.” 

 

Remains thought to be zombies have been found from evidence that they have been decapitated, or had their brains removed. Victims of zombies have been found with signs of human teeth marks on the found bones. You could say it might be cannibals, but traditionally they will ‘prepare’ their meals with knives or other tools, hence no teeth marks.

 

Some people even have said that the Mayans were destroyed by zombies. Reports of widespread cannibalism at the end of the Mayan civilization suggests something much more sinister than a simple drought or cross-tribal dispute. Bones found in and around Mayan cities show signs of being violently ripped from their sockets, and chewed to bits on the spot. Evidence has even been found of children eating their parents, and entire villages devouring themselves within a matter of days.


The act of putting gravestones on top of graves had actually come from the fear that the dead might come back to life in many ancient cultures. It started by placing simple rocks over a fresh graves, keeping the dead from coming back out of the ground.

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Werewolves

Posted by PIRO on February 24, 2014 at 12:10 PM Comments comments (0)

The word werewolf is most likely to derive from two old-Saxon words, wer (meaning man) and wolf. Frequently used Greek terms Lycanthropy refers to the transformation process while Lycanthrope, which is in fact synonymous to werewolf, is the afflicted person. The popular definition of werewolf or lycanthrope is a man who transforms himself or being transformed into a wolf under the influence of full moon.


Origins of the Werewolf


Greek mythology testifies to the existence of werewolves. The God Zeus once disguised himself as a traveler and sought for hospitality to the court of vicious Arcadian King Lycaon. The King recognized the God and tried to kill Him by serving him human flesh. God Zeus caught the terrible trick and did not eat. Outraged, He destroyed the palace and condemned Lycaon to spend rest of his life as a wolf. Most probably this mythology originated the Greek word “Lycanthrope” which is actually synonymous to werewolf.


During middle ages, especially from 15th to 17th century, Europe was under the dark shadow of ignorance and superstitions. Towns were underdeveloped and people lived near woods. The fear of wolves was like a nightmare. Their attacks were so frequent and atrocious in nature that people even feared to travel from one place to another. Every morning, countryside people would find half-eaten human limbs scattered on their fields.

 

The first recorded Werewolf sighting took place around the countryside of German town Colongne and Bedburg in 1591. An age-old pamphlet describes those shivering moments vividly. Few people cornered a large wolf and set their dogs upon it. They started to pierce it with sharp sticks and spears. Surprisingly the ferocious wolf did not run away or tried to protect itself, rather it stood up and turned out to be a middle-aged man he was Peter Stubbe from the same village.


Stubbe was put on a torture wheel where he confessed sixteen murders including two pregnant women and thirteen children. The history behind his downfall was rather bizarre. He had started to practice sorcery when he was only 12 and was so obsessed with it that even tried to make a pact with the Devil. Wearing a magic girdle he started to attack his enemies, real or imaginary. After several months, he would take the guise of a wolf and continued with his evil acts with more brutality. In the wolf form he used to tear up victims’ throats and suck warm blood from veins. Gradually his thirst for blood grew and he roamed around fields in search of prey.


Mythological Explanation


Some people during middle ages believed that the werewolf was the projection of a demon, which made its victims appear as a wolf in his own eyes and to those around him. For others, the werewolf was a direct manifestation of the Devil. Early seventeenth century French author Henri Bouguet believed, as did a great many people of that day, that Satan would leave the lycanthrope asleep behind a bush, go forth as a wolf, and perform whatever evil might be in that person’s mind. According to Bouguet, the Devil could confuse the sleeper’s imagination to such an extent “that he believes he had really been a wolf and had run about and killed men and beasts.”


Scientific Explanation


The diet of medieval peasants may have been a source of werewolf delusions. Ergot infection on food grains like wheat and rye was common in Europe during the middle ages. This is actually a fungus which grows in place of grains in wet seasons after very cold winters, which could produce strong hallucinations. Many other medicines produced by Apothecaries were also known to unknowingly produce hallucinations.


Modern tales of werewolves are purely fictional, and they are another popular topic in movies and television shows. There is a lot of folklore about humans who take the shape of another being. It is likely that werewolves are just another tale insired by the  wolf, an animal with powerful jaws, great speed, and an extraordinary ability to hunt prey.

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IR Video Camera Light Anomaly

Posted by PIRO on February 3, 2014 at 12:15 PM Comments comments (0)

This one was taken a while back, but we were able to finally get it online.

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This video taken in a private location shows a strange light circle that appears to spin into the frame, pause, and then exit the frame in the same motion. We remain unsure of what it could be and have mixed theories. In the video, you can see a little bit of the ledge that the camera was mounted to, a stuffed teddy bear we use as a trigger object, and the only door to the room. Nobody was in the room at the time. If you have any suggestions of what it could be, we would be glad to hear them.


New and Experimental Devices in Paranormal Investigation

Posted by PIRO on October 29, 2013 at 10:35 PM Comments comments (0)

You will probably see these on most investigative TV shows. We have discussed many of these during investigations, discussion topics, and a couple of them are talked about in our investigator classes. The devices are only experminetal and do not have enough research and evidence to support their use as an actual paranormal investigative tool. However, some of them do have some interesting results, which can be used to add to personal claims, but should not yet be used as physical evidence until these devices are further tested. Just remember, to this date there is not one piece of equipment that has defnitively proven the existance of ghosts. This is why we continue to research and develop equipment in attempt to prove the existence of spirits. Remember, "Truth through science!"

 



One issue that investigators face is that when recording EVPs, there isn't a good way to actually have a conversation with spirits. EVPs are only good for asking random questions and hoping that one of them sparks a spirit's interest enough to answer. If an investigator where able to talk to spirits in real time, he/she might be able to get better responses. One devices that attempts to accomplish this is the Ghost Box (also know as a "Hack Box" or "Frank's Device"). This device claims to be able to allow for real time communication. A ghost box is simply a modified FM radio that constantly scans through all frequencies and doesn't stop, theortically creating a static mixed in with very short (less than a second) partions of radio broadcast. It is theorized that a spirit is able to manipulate the device in some way to send words or even sentences to the user. It is a device which still requires more research and evidence in order to become a definitive tool for paranormal investigating. However, many investigators do use this device ("with a grain of salt", of course) as a tool in addition to regular EVP sessions. Many claim to have interesting audio clips of responses to questions, but some say that the sounds from the Ghost Box are just created in investigators' minds.



Another real time device is the Ovilus. The Ovilus has and still continues to be researched and developed and has gone through several models. The Ovilus is an electronic speech-synthesis device which utters words depending on environmental readings, including electromagnetic waves. The device was created by Bill Chappell, a retired electronics engineer interested in the paranormal who creates devices for ghost hunting. The Ovilus has an embedded database of words. It contains an EMF Meter, among several other environmental sensors. These readings are combined to create a number, and this number is used to reference the database of words. The Ovilus then "speaks" that word. An Ovilus can also operate in a phonetic mode that reacts to EMF variations to create words that are not in the database. Due to the random nature of the replies, many paranormal research groups have stopped using the Ovilus because too much is left to chance. It is posited that a person could pull random words out of a hat and get the same response as what comes out of the Ovilus. Even the device's manual states, "...the odds of this device saying a word that contextually correct is 1 in 2000, and in the units with phonetic speech the odds are only 1 in 71." *



Another interesting device is a device that is actually in many homes and takes inrared night vision video recording to the next level. However, this one is modified with a software program that enables it to be used on paranormal investigations. This device is actually from the Microsoft Xbox 360 Kinect. The basis of the device is that it is a camera, which uses hundreds of infrared dots to track movement. It orginally is meant to track human figures, however some investigative shows, Ghost Adventures in particular, are starting to experiment with the device. It is theorized that the device can also track invisible masses, such as spirits. The device was also featured in the movie Paranormal Activity 4. The inventor of the Ovilus, Bill Chapel, commented on the Kinect system as a tool for paranormal investigation, saying that "...this is one of the first times the specialized software has been used with the Kinect, admitting that the device requires further testing to verify its use." * Bill is curently working on creating a similar device for sale to the public, expected to be finished by spring of 2014.



Another device, similar to that of the EMF meters is the Negative Ion Detectors (NIDs). NIDs are popular with paranormal researchers. Intriguingly, it is not easy to see why. There is a widely accepted idea that ghosts are in some way associated with an excess of negative ions though opinions vary as to why. However, not enough research has been done on this theory for the NID to be a useful tool for finding evidence of the paranormal. Air ions occur when an electron is knocked off an air molecule (a positive ion) and attaches itself to another one (forming a negative ion). Ions are thus always formed in pairs of negative and positive ions. Most ions are created by radioactivity and cosmic rays. They usually only last for a matter of minutes before a negative ion meets a positive ion leaving two neutral molecules again. Ions can also attach themselves to solid surfaces causing them to become charged. There are problems with negative ion detectors. They tend to be very inaccurate compared to the other equipment typically used in paranormal research. Even quite expensive meters are only accurate to plus or minus 25%! Cheaper models sometimes don't even have a scale. They are also very sensitive to static electricity, so that even the electricity found in hair can set off the meters. As with other instruments used in paranormal research, 'air ions' is a complex subject. Unless you understand it reasonably well, you won't be able to judge your results. *



The next device acts like an energy source for spirits. This device is called an EM Pump (Electromagnetic Pump). The devices operates in conjunction with the theory what spirits can maniupulate natural electromagnetic fields in order to manifest or communicate with us. Basically, this device is made to pump out an electromagnetic field. Basically creating ghost fuel. * There haven't been many more significant findings when using the EM Pump as compared to investigating without. This device isn't that popular because of the lack of results.




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